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Good Advice On How To Write A Synthesis Essay In High School

A synthesis essay refers to a written work whereby the writer selects a unique viewpoint with respect to a central theme, topic or idea, supports it with a variety of sources, and comes up with a unique and well-written paper. The synthesis topic or question requires the writer to develop a persuasive argument by presenting his/her own opinions in response to the issue or question at hand. However, you must use the ideas and facts that are presented in the sources which have been provided.

Basic Structure

The process of writing a synthesis essay consists of four main components. These include, synthesizing sources, composing a claim or thesis, formatting the paper, and talking with the texts. The sources that have been provided should only be used to augment or support your own opinions or arguments. You should avoid summarizing the sources and you are required to allow those authors to speak for themselves. All you need to do is use what the other writers are saying for your own purpose.


Before you begin writing the introduction, it is always advisable to read the given prompt, consider the issue or question at hand, and determine your position or opinion. The best way is to try and find claims or opinions that you agree or disagree with. In short, it is worthwhile to spend some time considering the possible ideas before you start reading the given sources.

In the introduction, begin with a captivating statement or an opening hook in order to capture the reader’s attention. Secondly, identify and clarify the main issue or question at hand. Lastly, present a clear and direct thesis or purpose statement.

Body Paragraphs

A synthesis essay should have at least three body paragraphs. Each paragraph begins with a thesis statement that offers one reason which supports the thesis statement. This should be followed by a clear explanation. Thirdly, present specific evidence to support your claim/opinion by quoting from the given sources. You are allowed to introduce other supporting evidence as well. Finally, explain the significance of the supporting evidence you introduced. For example, explain what the evidence suggests or shows as true.

Concluding Paragraph

In the concluding paragraph, there are two main things that you need to do. First, draw some further significance from the evidence and reasons that you presented in the body paragraphs. Secondly, conclude the paper with a thoughtful ending. This means that you should be philosophical and draw upon your own wisdom and insights about the issue or question at hand.

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